تأثیر مکمل ویتامین E بر فعالیت حرکتی و یادگیری فضایی رت های مسن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 استاد دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی و فارماکولوژی انستیتو پاستور ایران

چکیده

افزایش سن بر عملکرد حرکتی و کارکردهای شناختی تأثیر منفی می­گذارد. ازاین­رو شناسایی راهبردهای مناسب برای جلوگیری از کاهش عملکرد شناختی و حرکتی ضرورت می­یابد. هدف از این تحقیق، بررسی تأثیر مکمل ویتامین E بر فعالیت حرکتی و یادگیری فضایی رت­های مسن بود. 36 رت نر مسن از نژاد آلبینو – ویستار به طور تصادفی در سه گروه کنترل، ویتامین E و جفت­شده قرار گرفتند. رت­های گروه ویتامین E، به مدت 8 هفته، روزانه به مقدار 100 میلی­گرم (50 واحد بین­المللی) ویتامین E به ازای هر کیلوگرم وزن بدن در 5/0 میلی­لیتر روغن کنجد حل شده و از طریق گاواژ دریافت کردند. گروه جفت­شده نیز طی این مدت، روزانه 5/0 میلی­لیتر روغن کنجد دریافت کرد، اما گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. پس از پایان دوره، آزمون­های اُپن - فیلد و ماز آبی موریس، به­ترتیب برای سنجش عملکرد حرکتی و یادگیری فضایی رت­ها اجرا شد. از شاخص­های مسافت طی­شده و سرعت حرکت برای سنجش عملکرد حرکتی و زمان سپری­شده و مسافت طی­شده تا پیدا کردن سکو برای سنجش یادگیری فضایی رت­ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که در عملکرد حرکتی، در شاخص­های مسافت طی شده و سرعت حرکت، تفاوت آماری معناداری بین گروه­ها مشاهده نشد (05/0P> ). به­علاوه، در هیچ­کدام از شاخص­های یادگیری و حافظة فضایی، تفاوت معناداری بین گروه­ها وجود نداشت (05/0 P>). یافته­ها نشان داد که یک دوره مصرف ویتامین E تأثیر معناداری بر عملکرد حرکتی و شناختی رت­های مسن ندارد. به­نظر می­رسد مکمل ویتامین E در سالمندی یعنی زمانی که آسیب­های
آنتی­اکسیدانی موجب تخریب برگشت­ناپذیر حافظه شده است، تأثیر ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Vitamin E Supplement on Motor Activity and Spatial Learning in Aged Rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasour Ahmadi 1
  • Mohammadali Aslankhani 2
  • Naser Naghdi 3
چکیده [English]

Aging has negative effects on motor and cognitive functions, so it is essential to identify appropriate strategies to prevent the decrease of motor and cognitive functions. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of vitamin E supplement on motor activity and spatial learning in aged rats. 36 male Albino – Wistar aged rats were assigned to three groups of control, vitamin E and sham. E group received daily 100 mg (50 IU) of vitamin E per kg of body weight with 0.5 ml sesame oil via gavage during 8 weeks. Sham group received daily 0.5 ml sesame oil, but control group did not receive any treatment. After the end of the protocol, open – field and Morris water maze tests were used to respectively assess motor functions and spatial learning. Distance moved and movement speed was used to assess motor function and latency and distance moved to the find platform was used to assess spatial learning. Results showed that in motor function, there was no statistically significant difference among groups in distance moved and movement speed factors (P>0.05). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference among groups in all factors of spatial learning and memory (P>0.05). The results showed that vitamin E did not significantly influence motor and cognitive functions of aged rats. Vitamin E supplement appears not to be efficient in the aging period when antioxidant damages caused irreversible memory destruction.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • vitamin E
  • Motor Function
  • Sight Memory
  • cognitive function
  • rat
 

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