The Effect of Different Sport Stress Coping Styles on Sources of Acute Stress and Salivary Cortisol in Wrestlers

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mashhad Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mashhad Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

4 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Coping style is one of the substantial factors influencing sport achievements in
sport competitions. The main aim of the present study was to examine the effect of
sport stress coping styles on sources of acute stress and salivary cortisol in
wrestlers. With regard to the criteria and variables of this study, 30 out of 270
active national wrestlers participated according to the cut-off point of coping styles
questionnaire in two approach and avoidant coping groups. The participants were
asked to complete Sources of wrestling acute stress questionnaire and to collect the
saliva to measure salivary cortisol levels. Multivariate analysis of variance results
indicated that sources of acute stress were significantly higher in approach coping
wrestlers than avoidant coping group (P=0.001). Also, salivary cortisol level was
significantly lower in avoidant coping group than the approach coping group
(P=0.012). According to the results, different stress coping styles influenced
perceived stress of acute stress and salivary cortisol levels in wrestlers. The
findings of this study can be used in instruction of different sport stress coping
styles in wrestlers in order to reduce their mental pressure in the competitions.


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