ویژگی های تکانش گری بازیکنان پست های مختلف فوتبال؛ آزمون دیدگاه گرایش غالب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد- ایران

2 استاد گروه روا‌‌‌ن‌شناسی، دانشکدۀ روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران- ایران

3 دانشیار گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد- ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی تحقیق حاضر بررسی ویژگی‌های تکانش­گری بازیکنان پست­های مختلف فوتبال با توجه به دیدگاه گرایش غالب بود. به این منظور 40 فوتبالیست از لیگ دسته یک کشور با میانگین سنی 9/3±65/28 سال در پست­های مختلف فوتبال در این تحقیق شرکت کردند. برای اندازه­گیری ویژگی‌های تکانش­گری شرکت‌کننده‌ها از مقیاس تکانش­گری بارت (BIS-11) و آزمون عملکرد مداوم (CPT) استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد که دروازه­بانان و مدافعان نسبت به بازیکنان میانی و مهاجمان در متغیرهای شناختی و حرکتی از عامل‌های تکانش­گری و تعداد تشخیص نادرست از آیتم­های آزمون عملکرد مداوم، مقادیر بیشتری را به‌دست آوردند (389/0 Partial η2 = ، 228/0wilks Lambda ،001/0=P ،126/3 =(9,82)F). براساس نتایج این تحقیق می­توان گفت تکانش­گری یکی از تبیین‌کننده‌های اصلی گرایش بازیکنان به پست­های مختلف فوتبال در کنار متغیرهای مرتبط دیگر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impulsiveness Features in Soccer Players with Different Positions: Test of Mastery Orientation Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohamad hosein ghahramani 1
  • Mohamad Ali Besharat 2
  • Mehdi Sohrabi 3
1 -Ph.D. Student, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mashhad Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
2 - Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mashhad Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate impulsiveness features of soccer players in different positions according to the mastery orientation approach. For this purpose, 40 soccer players in Iran first division league with mean age of 28.65±3.9 years in different positions participated in this study. To measure impulsiveness features, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Continuous Performance Test (CPT) were used. Multivariate analysis of variance results indicated that goalkeepers and defenders achieved higher scores in cognitive and motor variables of impulsiveness factors and in misdiagnosis of continuous performance test items than the middle players and offenders (F(9,82)=3.126, P=0.001, Wilks Lambda 0.228, partial η2=0.389). Based on these results, it can be stated that impulsiveness is one of the main explanatory factors of players' tendency towards different soccer positions along with other relevant variables.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • continuous performance
  • impulsiveness
  • mastery orientation
  • soccer players
  • talent identification
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