تأثیر بازی‌های کودکانۀ جسمانی بر بهبود کمرویی دانش‌‌آموزان دختر دبستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر تأثیر بازی‌های کودکانۀ جسمانی بر میزان کمرویی دانش‌آموزان دختر دبستانی بررسی شد. شرکت‌کنندگان 33 دانش‌آموز دختر 9 تا 11 سال بودند که تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی (18 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی بازی‌های منتخب کودکانۀ جسمانی را به مدت 8 هفته، هفته‌ای دو جلسه انجام دادند و گروه کنترل هیچ بازی جسمانی را تجربه نکردند. کمرویی، قبل و بعد از مداخلۀ پژوهشی اندازه‌گیری شد. برای اندازه‌گیری کمرویی از پرسشنامۀ کمرویی کودکان کروزیر (1995) و برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون آماری t استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد بازی‌های کودکانۀ جسمانی به بهبود معنادار در میزان کمرویی شرکت‌کنندگان گروه تجربی منجر شد ( (P< .001درحالی‌که تغییری در نمرۀ کمرویی شرکت‌کنندگان گروه کنترل در طول دورۀ پژوهشی مشاهده نشد. یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر به دست‌اندرکاران تعلیم و تربیت یادآوری می‌کند که از بازی‌های کودکانۀ جسمانی می‌توان به‌عنوان روش مداخلۀ مناسب برای بهبود کمرویی کودکان دبستانی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Juvenile Physical Plays on Shyness Improvement of Female Primary School Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam parvin 1
  • Ahmadreza Movahedi 2
  • Salar Faramarzi 3
1 M.Sc. of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Training of Individuals with Special Needs, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study examined the effect of juvenile physical plays on shyness of female primary school students. Participants were 33 female students aged between 9 and 11 who were randomly divided into experimental (n=18) and control (n=15) groups. The experimental group participated in selected juvenile physical plays for 8 weeks, 2 sessions per week while the participants of the control group did not take part in any physical plays. Shyness of the participants was measured before and after the intervention. Children's Shyness Questionnaire (CSQ) (Crozier, 1995) was used to measure shyness. t test was applied for data analysis. Results showed that juvenile physical plays significantly improved shyness of the experimental group (P˂0.001) while no changes were observed in the shyness score of the control group. The findings suggested that officials of education should use juvenile physical plays as a proper intervention to improve shyness of elementary schools students

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • children
  • improvement
  • Play
  • primary school
  • Shyness

 

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