تأثیر یک دوره برنامۀ تمرینی منتخب بر کاهش عوارض هایپوتونی عضلانی و تغییر ترکیب بدنی مردان سندروم داون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استاد دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از اجرای این تحقیق، بررسی یک دوره برنامۀ تمرینی منتخب در کاهش عوارض هایپوتونی عضلانی و تغییر در ترکیب بدنی مردان سندروم داون بود. در این تحقیق نیمه‌تجربی که در مرکز توانبخشی معلولان نمونۀ تهران انجام گرفت، 24 مرد سندروم داون به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی (سیزده نفر) و کنترل (یازده نفر) تقسیم شدند. کلیۀ اعضای گروه تجربی به مدت دوازده هفته و هر هفته سه جلسه یک دوره برنامۀ تمرینی منتخب را دنبال کردند. نتایج نشان داد که متعاقب دوازده هفته برنامۀ تمرینی منتخب متغیر‌های درصد چربی بدن کاهش معنادار ( 05/0P<) و تودۀ بدون چربی بدن و عملکرد عضلانی (در پنج آزمون از شش آزمون برای سنجش قدرت، استقامت و توان عضلانی) افزایش معناداری داشتند (05/0P<) و کلیۀ این متغیرها در گروه کنترل تفاوت معناداری نشان ندادند (05/0P>). همچنین مشخص شد که یک برنامۀ تمرینی چندبعدی به شکل انجام‌گرفته در این تحقیق می‌تواند موجب بهبود سلامت جسمانی از طریق کاهش درصد چربی بدن و افزایش بافت و عملکرد عضلانی بزرگسالان سندروم داون شود و عوارض جسمانی ناشی از اختلال سندروم داون را به نفع بهبود سلامت جسمانی کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of selected exercise training on reduce symptom of hypotonia and changing body composition in men with Down syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali kashi 1
  • M Sheikh 2
  • asghar dadkhah 3
  • rasool hemayattalab 2
  • elahe arabameri 2
1 PhD student of Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Social welfare and Rehabilitation University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of selective exercise training on reducing the symptom of hypotonia and changing body composition in Down syndrome adults. The research was performed in Nemoneh Disability Rehabilitation Centre of Tehran. 24 men with Down syndrome (mean age 26.185± 3.933) were randomly assigned to either a control (n=11) or an experimental group (n=13). The Experimental groups followed selective exercise training for 12-weeks, three times a week. Result of this research showed that after 12 weeks selective exercise training, body fat percent had a significant reduction (P<0.05) and soft lean mass and muscle performance (in 5 from 6 tests for assess muscle strength, endurance and power) had a significant increase (P<0.05). The results of this study showed that this type of exercise training significantly improves the health of Down syndrome adults by reduce in extra body fat percent and increase in muscles tissue and performance and in this way; it will reduce the symptoms of Down syndrome for benefit of improved physical health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Down syndrome
  • hypotonia
  • Body Composition
  • selected exercise training
 
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