تأثیر ترکیب‌های مختلف موسیقی و حرکات هماهنگ بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری کودکان پسر 8 تا 14 سالة کم‌توان ذهنی آموزش‌پذیر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر تأثیر ترکیب‌های مختلف موسیقی و حرکات هماهنگ بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری کودکان عقب‌ماندۀ ذهنی آموزش‌پذیر بررسی شد. به این منظور 40 کودک کم‌توان ذهنی پسر 8 تا 14 ساله، به‌طور تصادفی در چهار شیوۀ تمرینی شامل حرکات هماهنگ با زمینۀ موسیقی گام ماژور (ریتم سریع)، حرکات هماهنگ با زمینۀ موسیقی گام مینور (ریتم کند)، حرکات هماهنگ بدون زمینۀ موسیقی، و بدون تمرین- بدون موسیقی (کنترل) قرار گرفتند. برای اندازه‌گیری مشکلات رفتاری، از سیاهۀ راتر- نسخۀ والدین (فرم آ) استفاده شد. پیش‌‌آزمون قبل از دورۀ پژوهش و پس‌آزمون پس از دوازده هفته تمرین ( 36 جلسه) گرفته شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش آماری تحلیل واریانس یکراهه استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که شیوۀ تمرینی "حرکات هماهنگ همراه با موسیقی گام ماژور" مشکلات رفتاری کودکان را به‌طور معناداری (05/0>P) کاهش داد؛ اما شیوه‌های تمرینی "حرکات هماهنگ با زمینۀ موسیقی گام مینور" و " حرکات هماهنگ بدون زمینۀ موسیقی" کاهش معناداری در مشکلات رفتاری کودکان عقب‌ماندۀ ذهنی ایجاد نکرد. در طول دورۀ پژوهش تغییر چشمگیر در نمره‌های مشکلات رفتاری شرکت‌کنندگان گروه کنترل دیده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different combination of music and rhytmic movements on behavioral problems of 8-14 year old boys with mental retardation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Nazari 1
  • Ahmadreza Movahedi 2
  • Shila Safavi Homami 3
1 Master of motor behavior, college of sport sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, College of Sport sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Assisstant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, College of Sport sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of different combinations of music and rhythmic movements on behavioral problems of children with mild mental retardation. A total of 40 children with mild mental retardation were randomly divided into 4 variations of practice including: rhythmic movement with major scale music, rhythmic movement with minor scale music, rhythmic movement with no music, and no rhythmic movement-no music (control group). Rutter inventory (Parent version) was used to evaluate behavioral problems. Pretest was taken before the intervention and post-test was taken after 12 weeks of practice (36 sessions). For data analysis, one-way analysis of variance and Tuki follow up tests were used. Results showed that behavioral problems of rhythmic movement with major scale music group were significantly decreased. It was also shown that the rhythmic movement with minor scale music and rhythmic movement with no music showed no significant decrease on behavioral problems of mentally retarded children. No considerable change was found in behavioral problems of the participants of the control group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mental retardation
  • Behavioral Problems
  • Music
  • rhytاmic movements
  • students
 
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