تأثیر تمرین حافظۀ کاری و تمرین بدنی بر چرخش ذهنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری یادگیری حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری یادگیری حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه ارومیه، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرین جسمانی و تمرین حافظۀ کاری بر توانایی چرخش ذهنی بود. به این منظور 45 نفر دانشجوی دختر غیرورزشکار به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به‌طور تصادفی در یکی از گروه‌های تمرین ایروبیک، تمرین حافظۀ کاری و گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند (هر گروه 15 نفر). طرح تحقیق از نوع نیمه‌تجربی و به‌صورت پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود که از تمامی نمونه‌ها، آزمون چرخش ذهنی گرفته شد. گروه تمرین بدنی و گروه تمرین حافظۀ کاری، روزانه به مدت 30 دقیقه به‌ترتیب در تمرین ایروبیک و تمرین حافظۀ کاری به مدت دو هفته شرکت کردند. گروه کنترل نیز به فعالیت روزانۀ خود پرداخت. نتایج حاصل از آزمون تحلیل واریانس تکراری نشان داد که تمرین ایروبیک و تمرین حافظۀ کاری بر توانایی چرخش ذهنی تأثیر دارد (05/0P≤). یافته‌ها حاکی از تسهیل توانایی‌های شناختی به‌وسیلۀ مداخلات شناختی و حرکتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Working Memory and Physical Training on Mental Rotation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jalal Dehghanizade 1
  • Maryam Lotfi 2
  • Hasan Mohammadzade 3
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of physical training and working memory training on mental rotation ability. 45 non-athlete female students were purposively selected and randomly assigned to one of these groups: aerobic training, working memory training and control (each group 15 subjects). This study was quasi-experimental, which was a type of pretest-posttest with a control group. Mental rotation test was conducted for the sample. Physical training and working memory training groups participated respectively in aerobic training and working memory training for 30 minutes daily for two weeks. The control group performed their daily activities. Results of ANOVA with repeated measures showed that aerobic and working memory training affected mental rotation ability (P≤0.05). The findings suggested that cognitive abilities are facilitated by cognitive and motor interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognition
  • mental rotation
  • physical training
  • spatial ability
  • working memory
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