اثرات سرعت و دستکاری بازخوردهای حسی بر اجرای الگوهای درون مرحله و خارج مرحله هماهنگی دو دستی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار ، رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد ، روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین( (ع)، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری ، یادگیری حرکتی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی دستکاری حواس و سرعت بر اجرای هماهنگی پویای دودستی بود. بدین منظور پانزده دانشجوی تربیت بدنی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی با دامنۀ سنی 18 تا 25 سال، به‌عنوان آزمودنی الگوهای هماهنگی درون‌‌مرحله و خارج‌مرحله را از سرعت آهسته به تند در پنج وضعیت حسی مختلف اجرا کردند. برای بررسی دو الگوی حرکتی، از دو آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری تکراری (5 شرایط حسی×3 سرعت اجرا) روی هر کدام از الگوهای درون‌‌مرحله و خارج‌مرحله استفاده شد و تأثیرات اصلی پس از آن با استفاده از آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی تحلیل شد. متغیر وابسته خطای فاز نسبی بود. نتایج نشان داد که افزایش سرعت اجرای حرکات بر اجرای الگوی حرکتی خارج‌مرحله0180اثر داشت (001/0P=)، اما بر الگوی درون‌‌مرحله00اثری نداشت (9/0P=). نتایج دستکاری حواس نشان داد که در دقت و تغییرپذیری اجرای دو فاز نسبی الگوهای حرکتی، دستکاری بینایی و حس عمقی اثر دارد (001/0P=)، اما دستکاری شنوایی اثری بر اجرای این الگوها نداشت (315/0P=). علاوه‌بر این، در این تحقیق بیشترین مقدار میانگین خطای فاز نسبی و انحراف معیار خطای فاز نسبی در وضعیت دستکاری حس عمقی بود (001/0P=). در توضیح یافته‌های حاضر می­توان گفت که تکلیف خطی هماهنگی دودستی در تحقیق حاضر یک تکلیف به حس عمقی وابسته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Speed and Sensory Feedback Manipulation on the Performance of In-Phase and Anti-Phase Patterns of Bimanual Coordination

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Farsi 1
  • Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Vaez Mousavi 2
  • ebrahim norouzi 3
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of the present study was to investigate the manipulation of senses and speed on the performance of bimanual dynamic coordination. Thus, 15 physical education students of Shahid Beheshti University with age range of 18-25 years performed in-phase and anti-phase patterns from slow to fast speed in five different sensory conditions. To investigate two motor patterns ANOVA with repeated measures  (5 sensory conditions × 3 speeds) on each in-phase and anti-phase pattern. Bonferroni post hoc test was used to analyze their following effects. The dependent variable was error of relative phase. Results showed that increasing the speed of performance influenced the performance of the anti-phase pattern  (P=0.001), but it did not influence the in-phase pattern  (P=0.9). Sensory manipulation results indicated that proprioception and vision manipulation had an effect on the accuracy and the variability of performance of two relative phases of motor patterns  (P=0.001), but audition manipulation did not affect these patterns  (P=0.315). In addition, the highest mean of error of relative phase and standard deviation of error of relative phase were observed in proprioception manipulation  (P=0.001). It can be expressed that the bimanual linear coordination task in this study was a proprioceptive dependent task.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • motor control
  • Motor Pattern
  • Proprioception
  • relative phase
  • Tendon Vibration
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