بررسی ادراک ویژۀ عمل در شرایط تمرکز توجه درونی و بیرونی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه- ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشیدانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه- ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری یادگیری حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه- ایران

چکیده

 هدف از تحقیق حاضر، بررسی ارتباط بین اجرا و ادراک اندازۀ هدف در شرایط کانون توجه بیرونی و درونی، همچنین بررسی ارتباط بین ادراک اولیۀ اندازۀ هدف و اجرا بود. 70 دانشجوی پسر (با میانگین سنی 6/1 21 سال) داوطلبانه در این تحقیق شرکت کردند. آنها به‌صورت تصادفی و براساس نوع دستورالعمل توجهی در دو گروه تمرکز توجه درونی و بیرونی قرار گرفتند. آزمودنی­ها تکلیف پرتاب دارت را در 20 کوشش اجرا کردند. آزمون تخمین اندازۀ هدف پیش از اجرای کوشش­ها، در پایان کوشش­ها و پس از اولین کوشش موفق، اجرا شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد بین اجرا و ادراک اندازۀ هدف در گروه تمرکز بیرونی، ارتباط مثبت و معنا­داری وجود دارد. اما در گروه تمرکز درونی، ارتباط معنا­داری بین اجرا و ادراک اندازۀ هدف، مشاهده نشد. همچنین بین ادراک اولیه و اجرا در هر دو گروه، ارتباط معنا­دار نبود. می‌توان گفت که تمرکز توجه می­تواند یک عامل واسطه­ای برای ظهور پدیدۀ ادراک ویژۀ عمل باشد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Action-Specific Perception in Internal and External Attention Focus Conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Borhanaldin Ghari 1
  • Hasan Mohammadzadeh 2
  • Jalal Dehghanizadeh 3
1 PhD Student of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
3 PhD Student of Motor Learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between performance and the perception of size of target under internal and external attention focus conditions as well as the relationship between the initial perception of the size of target and performance. 70 male students (mean age of 21±1.6 years) voluntarily participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to internal and external attention focus based on the type of attentional instruction. Subjects performed dart throwing task in 20 trials. The target size estimation test was performed before the trials, after the last trial and after the first successful trail. Pearson correlation coefficient was used for data analysis. The results showed a significant and positive relationship between the performance and perception of target size in external focus group. But in internal focus group, a significant relationship between performance and perception of the size of the target was not observed. Also, there was no significant relationship between the initial perception and performance in both groups. It is suggested that the focus of attention can be a mediating factor for action-specific perception phenomenon.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • action-specific perception
  • action target
  • external attention
  • focus of attention
  • internal attention
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