اثربخشی آموزش هوش هیجانی بر سرسختی ذهنی تکواندوکاران نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی، روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 . استادیار روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 . دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی، روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

سرسختی ذهنی از مهم‌ترین مهارت‌های روانی چندبعدی مؤثر بر موفقیت ورزشی است و درک عوامل اثرگذار بر توسعۀ آن حائز اهمیت است، یکی از راهکارهای توسعۀ این ویژگی توجه به بعد هیجانی است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش هوش هیجانی بر سرسختی ذهنی تکواندوکاران نخبه بود. به همین منظور، از بین تکواندوکاران نخبۀ شهر تهران 30 مرد با میانگین سنی (52/5 ± 30/23) به ‌صورت نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و با روش تصادفی در گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل مورد آزمون قرار گرفتند و پرسش‌نامۀ سرسختی ذهنی در ورزش (شیرد و همکاران، 2009) را تکمیل نمودند. آموزش هوش هیجانی، در طول دو ماه به مدت 16 جلسه روی گروه آزمایش انجام گرفت. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد .نتایج نشان داد که مداخلۀ با روش آموزش هوش هیجانی بر افزایش سرسختی ذهنی گروه آزمایش مؤثر بوده و نمره‌های مؤلفه‌های اطمینان، پایداری و کنترل، آنان در مرحلۀ پس‌ آزمون نسبت به گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری پیدا کرده است (05/0>P). از نتایج به دست آمده چنین برداشت می‌شود که احتمالاً آموزش هوش هیجانی روشی سودمند و مؤثر در افزایش سرسختی ذهنی تکواندوکاران نخبه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Emotional Intelligence Training on Mental Toughness in Elite Taekwondo Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • sahar zarei 1
  • Hassan Gharayagh Zandi 2
  • Mahmoud Mohebi 3
1 1. PhD Student in Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 . Assistant Professor of Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 . PhD Student in Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Mental toughness is one of the most important multi-dimensional mental skills that effect sports success. It’s also very important to understand the factors effecting its development. One of the strategies to develop mental toughness is to consider its emotional dimension therefore; the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of emotional intelligence training on elite taekwondo athlete’s mental toughness. For the purpose, 30 athletes (with average age of (23/30 ± 5/52) were selected through random sampling from among Tehran Taekwondo population. They were randomly assigned into two groups experimental and control. Both groups completed questionnaire of mental toughness in sport (sheard and et al, 2009). 16 sessions of training during the two months were accomplished on experimental group. Data were analysis using analysis of co variance. The results showed that emotional intelligence training intervention. Had significant effects on mental toughness and its components (Confidence, consistency and control). Generally, emotional intelligence training is useful and effective way to improve elite taekwondo athletes ‘mental toughness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mental Toughness
  • Elite Taekwondo Athletes
  • Emotion Regulation
  • control
  • Emotional intelligence

 

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