تأثیر موزیک تند و کند بر ادراک عمق دختران جوان ورزشکار در شرایط خستگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر انواع موزیک بر ادراک عمق در شرایط خستگی بود. جامعۀ آماری تحقیق حاضر دانشجویان دختر دانشکدۀ تربیت ‌بدنی دانشگاه تهران بودند که 45 نفر از آنها (میانگین سنی 16/2± 3/23 سال) داوطلبانه در این تحقیق شرکت داشتند. شرکت‌کننده‌ها به سه گروهِ موزیک کند، موزیک تند و گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. در ابتدا از هر سه گروه پیش‌آزمون ادراک عمق به‌وسیلۀ دستگاه ادراک عمق به‌عمل آمد، سپس به آنها فعالیت بدنی مشابه داده شد تا به آستانۀ خستگی برسند. پس از بروز خستگی مجدداً خطای ادراک عمق آزمودنی‌ها اندازه‌گیری شد. سپس به‌منظور ارزیابی تأثیر موزیک بر ادراک عمق ورزشکاران در شرایط خستگی از آزمودنی‌ها خواسته شد به مدت 3 دقیقه به موسیقی مختص به هر گروه گوش دهند و بلافاصله ادراک عمق آنها به‌عنوان پس‌آزمون اندازه‌گیری شد. برای بررسی و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه استفاده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که موزیک تند، تغییر معنا‌داری در خطای ادراک عمق ایجاد نکرد (602/0P=)، اما موزیک کند این خطا را به طرز معنا‌داری کاهش داد (006/0 P=).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Fast and Slow Music on Depth Perception of Female Young Athletes in Fatigue Condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • faranak poorhosseini 1
  • Shahzad Tahmasebi Boroujeni 2
1 PhD Student of Motor Learning and Control, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 2. Associate Professor, Department of Motor Learning and Control, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of music types on depth perception during fatigue. Statistical population consisted of female students of Faculty of Physical Education at University of Tehran. 45 subjects (mean age 23.3 ± 2.16 years) voluntarily participated in this study. Participants were divided into three groups: slow music, fast music and control. Initially, all subjects participated in the pretest of depth perception using depth perception apparatus. Then, they received a similar exercise until reaching the threshold of exhaustion. After reaching fatigue, their error of depth perception was reassessed. Then, participants were asked to listen to the music specific to each group for 3 minutes in order to assess the effect of music on their depth perception during fatigue. Their depth perception was immediately measured as the posttest. Analysis of variance with repeated measures and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. The results showed that fast music did not significantly change depth perception error (P=0.602), but slow music significantly reduced this error (P=0.006).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Depth perception
  • fast music
  • fatigue
  • psychological stimulant
  • slow music
  1. Golchin M, Karimi M, Abedi HA. Physical effects of thalassemia on adolescents. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research. 2010;9(4).(in persian)
  2. Sage GH. Motor learning and control: A neuropsychological approach: Brown; 1984.
  3. Wood I. Stereopsis with 3. spatially‐degraded images. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 1983;3(3):337-40.
  4. Shahbazi M, Vazini A, Hadadi N. The Effect of Viewer-Induced Arousal on Depth Perception in Male and Female Athletes. Journal of development and motor learning. 2010;2(2):138-45. (in persian)
5. Haywood K. Life span motor development: Human Kinetics; 1986.

6. Lenoir M, Musch E, La Grange N. Ecological relevance of stereopsis in one-handed ball catching. Perceptual and motor skills. 1999;89(2):495-508.

7. Montebello RA. The role of stereoscopic vision in some aspects of baseball playing ability: Ohio State University; 1953.

8. Ridini LM. Relationships between psychological functions tests and selected sport skills of boys in junior high school. Research Quarterly American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 1968;39(3):674-83.

9. Ghotbi M, Farsi AR, B.Abdoli. Effect of warm and cold colors on athletes’ depth perception in ball and no ball games. Motor behavior. 2014;4(16):43-54. (in persian)

10. Stefanucci JK, Storbeck J. Don't look down: Emotional arousal elevates height perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 2009;138(1):131.

11. Ghotbi M. The Comparison of depth perception in healthy adolescents and patients with thalassemia major. The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization. 2014;10(4):394-9. (in persian)

12. Tahmasebi Boroujeni SH, Momeni S. Decrease of Depth Perception Error Due to Change the Color of the Shuttle in Fatigue Conditions. Motor behavior. 2014;5(15):131-42. (in persian)

13. Lee MH. Rehabilitation, music, and human well-being: MMB Music 1989

14. Boutcher SH, Trenske M. The effects of sensory deprivation and music on perceived exertion and affect during exercise. Journal of sport and exercise psychology. 1990;12(2):167-76.

15. R N. effect of Sensory deprivation and music on perceived stress and mood during practice Unpublished MA thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran. 1995:12-34. (in persian)

16. Szabo A, Small A, Leigh M. The effects of slow-and fast-rhythm classical music on progressive cycling to voluntary physical exhaustion. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 1999;39(3):220.

17. Copeland BL, Franks BD. Effects of types and intensities of background music on treadmill endurance. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 1991;31(1):100-3.

18. Torabi F, Ranjbar K, Soori Z. The Survey of the Effect of Music on Performance of Physical Fitness Factors in Adolescent Boys. Journal of Motor Learning and Movement. 2013;5(1):39-53. (in persian)

19. Boone, T., Linderman, J.K., Astorino, T., Baker, J., Dalleck, L., Drury, D., Engals, D.H., Goulet, E., Gotshall, R. Cardiovascular Responses to Music Tempo during Steady-state Exercise. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online. 2009;12(1(

20. Schie NA, Stewart A, Becker P, Rogers GG. Effect of music on submaximal cycling. South African Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008;20(1):28-31.

21. Karageorghis CI,  Terry PC. The psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise: A review. Journal of Sport Behavior. 1997;20(1):54.

22. Pujol TJ, Langenfeld ME. Influence of music on Wingate Anaerobic Test performance. Perceptual and motor skills. 1999;88(1):292-6.

23. Tiev M, Manire SA, Robert JR, Barbara W. Effect of music and dialogue on perception of exertion, enjoyment, and metabolic responses during exercise. International Journal of Fitness. 2010;6(2).

24. Koç H, CURTSEİT T. The effects of music on athletic performance. Association Between Graded Excercise Test Indicators of Cardiovascular Diseas Risks and Peripheral Vascular Stifness. 2009;22:43.

25. Crust L. Effects of familiar and unfamiliar asynchronous music on treadmill walking endurance. Perceptual and motor skills. 2004;99(1):361-8.

26. Crust L, Clough PJ. The influence of rhythm and personality in the endurance response to motivational asynchronous music. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2006;24(2):187-95.

27. Flint M. The Effects of Music on Physical Productivity: The Ohio State University; 2010.

28. Lane AM, Davis PA, Devonport TJ. Effects of music interventions on emotional states and running performance. Journal of sports science & medicine. 2011;10(2):400.

29. Meis JK. Modification of perceived enjoyment, exertion and performance change: Masters thesis, The Florida State University; 2003.

30. Robergs RA, Roberts S. Fundamental principles of exercise physiology: for fitness, performance, and health: McGraw-Hill College; 2000.

31. Bigland-Ritchie B,  Jones D, Hosking G, Edwards R. Central and peripheral fatigue in sustained maximum voluntary contractions of human quadriceps muscle. Clinical Science. 1978;54(6):609-14.

32. Tong CY, Ng VS. Change of Depth Perception Performance in the Professional Athletes with Refractive Correction. 2008.

33. Shephard RJ. Chronic fatigue syndrome. Sports Medicine. 2001;31(3):167-94.

34. Karageorghis CI, Mouzourides DA, Priest D-L, Sasso TA, Morrish DJ, Walley CL. Psychophysical and ergogenic effects of synchronous music during treadmill walking. Journal of sport and exercise psychology. 2009;31(1):18-36.