اثر تمرینات نوروفیدبک بر ارتقا عملکرد ورزشی و فرایند حرکتی هشیار در بازیکنان ماهر دارت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشیارگروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 استاد گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی و فرهنگی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین)ع(، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به‌کارگیری نوروفیدبک در ارتقای عملکرد ورزشی به‌سرعت رو به رشد است. هدف پژوهش حاضر اثر تمرین نوروفیدبک بر عملکرد حرکتی و فرایند حرکتی هشیار بازیکنان ماهر دارت بود. آزمودنی‌ها 20 بازیکن مرد ماهر دارت بودند. اجرای این پژوهش شامل پنج مرحلة پیش‌آزمون، تمرینات نوروفیدبک و پس‌آزمون اول، آزمون تحت فشار و پس‌آزمون دوم بود. دورة تمرینات نوروفیدبک شامل تمرین بازداری باند فرکانسی آلفا (8 تا 12 هرتز) در جایگاه اف چهار بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی و روش آماری آزمون تحلیل واریانس مرکب استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد مقادیر فرایند حرکتی هشیار برای گروه تمرین نوروفیدبک در مرحلة پس‌آزمون اول (001/0=P) و آزمون تحت فشار (001/0=P)کاهش یافته است، اما در گروه کنترل این کاهش مشاهده نشد (83/0=(P. امتیازهای پرتاب دارت برای گروه نوروفیدبک و کنترل در مرحلة پس‌آزمون اول به نسبت پیش‌آزمون افزایش یافته بود (001/0=P)، اما تنها گروه نوروفیدبک (001/0=(P توانست این افزایش را در آزمون تحت فشار حفظ کند. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد تأثیری بین تمرینات نوروفیدبک، فرایند حرکتی هشیار و عملکرد ورزشی وجود دارد. به‌عبارت دیگر، تمرینات نوروفیدبک از طریق کاهش فرایند حرکتی هشیار به عملکرد حرکتی مطلوب منجر می‌شود و حس خودکاری را در ورزشکار ایجاد می‌کند..

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Neurofeedback Training on Sport Performance Enhancement and Conscious Motor Processing in Skilled Dart Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • ebrahim norouzi 1
  • fatemeh hosseini 2
  • Mohammad Kazem vaezmousavi 3
1 Ph.D Student of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Social and Cultural Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The employment of neurofeedback is growing rapidly in sport performance enhancement. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of neurofeedback training on motor performance and conscious motor processing of skilled dart players. The subjects were 20 male skilled dart players. The research was conducted in five phases: pretest, neurofeedback training, posttest 1, under pressure test and posttest 2. Neurofeedback training consisted of prevention training of the alpha frequency band (8 to 12 Hz) in F4. To analyze data, descriptive statistics and mixed ANOVA were used. Results indicated that the amounts of conscious motor processing for neurofeedback training group decreased in posttest 1 (P=0.001) and under pressure test (P=0.001) but this reduction was not observed in the control group (P=0.83). The dart throwing points for neurofeedback training group and control group in the posttest 1 increased compared with the pertest (P=0.001), but only neurofeedback group (P=0.001) was able to preserve this increase in the under pressure test. The findings indicated an effect among neurofeedback training, conscious motor processing and sport performance. In other words, the neurofeedback training leads to the desired motor performance and creates automatic sense in the athlete by reducing the conscious motor processing.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Conscious processing
  • dart throwing
  • neurofeedback
  • quiet mind
  • under pressure
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