تاثیر محیط غنی در خانه بر سرعت پیشرفت یادگیری دریبل فوتبال پسران 6 تا 13 ساله

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس یارشد یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد رشد حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر محیط غنی خانه بر سرعت پیشرفت اکتساب مهارت دریبل فوتبال پسران بود.جامعة آماری تحقیق کودکان 6 تا 13 سالة منطقة 1 شهر تهران بودند. تحقیق حاضر از نوع نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش آزمون و پس آزمون بود. براساس نتایج پرسشنامة توزیع شده، 30 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به دو گروه غنی و غیر غنی تقسیم شدند. در ابتدا از هر دو گروه به عنوان پیش آزمون، آزمون دریبل فوتبال به عمل آمد. سپس به هر دو گروه غنی و غی رغنی به مدت 9 روز و در هر روز یک جلسه تمرین داده شد. پس از پایان هر جلسة تمرین از هر دو گروه 2 و برای تغییرات × مجدداً آزمون دریبل فوتبال گرفته شد. برای مقایسة دو گروه از تحلیل کوواریانس مرکب  همبسته استفاده شد. شاخص لاندای ویلکز نشان داد که اثر محیط بر سرعت پیشرفت یادگیری t درون گروهی از آزمون 0= ضریب ایتا) و گروه غنی نسبت به گروه غیرغنی دارای سرعت / و 608 P<0/014 F( 19 و 9 )=3/ معن ادار است ( 27
پیشرفت یادگیری بیشتری بود. با مقایسة روز های تمرین دو گروه، گروه غنی در تمام روزها به جز روز چهارم، به طورهمبسته نشان داد که تفاوت معنا داری بین پیش آزمون و روز نهم t معناداری بهتر از گروه غیرغنی بود. همچنین نتایج وجود داشت. به طور کلی، نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان می دهد که (P<0/ و گروه غیرغنی ( 001 (P<0/ گروه غنی ( 001
محیط غنی خانه موجب بهبود معنا دار سرعت پیشرفت یادگیری می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Rich Environment (Home) on the Speed Progress Learning of football dribbling in Boys 6-13 Years old

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajjad Tarshizi Bargoei 1
  • Mehdi Shahbazi 2
  • Abuzar Darabi 3
1 MSc of Motor Learning and Control, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc of Motor Development, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed at investigating the effect of rich environment at
home on the speed of acquisition progress in football dribbling skill of boys.
The statistical population included children aged between 6 and 13 in district
1, Tehran city. The present study was semi-experimental with pretestposttest
design. Based on the results of the distributed questionnaires, 30
subjects were selected as the sample and were divided into two groups: rich
and non-rich. Firstly, both groups participated in football dribbling test as the
pretest. Then, both rich and non-rich groups received training for 9 days and
one session per day. At the end of each training session, both groups
completed football dribbling test again. To compare the groups, the 2 × 9
mixed analysis of covariance was used, and dependent t test was applied to
examine intragroup changes. Wilks Lambda index indicated that the effect of
environment on the speed of learning progress was significant
(F(9&19)=3.27), P<0.014, correlation ratio=0.608). The rich group had a
higher speed of learning progress than the non-rich group. The comparison
of the training days of both groups showed that the rich group was
significantly better than the non-rich group for all days except for day 4. The
results of dependent t test showed a significant difference between pretest
and day 9 in rich (P<0.001) and non-rich (P<0.001) groups. Overall, these
results show that enriched home environment significantly improves the
speed of learning progress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Football dribbling
  • home environment
  • rich environment
  • speed of acquisition progress
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