مایندفولنس، هوش هیجانی و سرسختی ذهنی در کاراته کاهای نخبة موفق و ناموفق سوپرلیگ کاراتة مردان ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 .کارشنا سارشد روا نشناسی ورزش، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی ورزش، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی،دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 فوق دکتری روانشناسی، دپارتمان روانشناسی، دانشگاه هاروارد، ماساچوست، کمبریج، ایالات متحده امریکا.

چکیده

برحسب مطالعات متعدد صور تگرفته در حیطة روان شناسی ورزش می توان گفت که عملکرد مطلوب ورزشی به عوامل
روان شناختی بسیاری مرتبط است و ویژگی های شخصیتی و روان شناختی از عوامل تأثیرگذار بر پیشرفت ورزشی است.
هدف این پژوهش مطالعه و مقایسة مایندفولنس، هوش هیجانی و سرسختی ذهنی در کارات هکاهای موفق و ناموفق سوپر
لیگ کاراتة مردان ایران بود. مطالعة حاضر از نوع علی مقایسه ای و جامعة آماری کاراته کاهای سوپر لیگ کاراتة مردان
ایران در سال 1394 در بخش کومیته بودند. داده های اولیه به روش در دسترس از 70 نفر از ورزشکارانِ تمام تیم های
شرکت کننده_ به ویژه دو تیم بالا و سه تیم پایین جدول_ در سوپر لیگ کاراته جم عآوری شد. پس از ب هدست آوردن
اطلاعات مربوط به تعداد مبارزات و نتایج آن برای هر ورزشکار، عملکرد بهینة کاراته کاها محاسبه و دو گروه کاراته کای
موفق و ناموفق تعیین شد (هر گروه 30 نفر). ابزار استفاده شده در این پژوهش شامل فرم رضایت نامه و دموگرافیک،
پرسشنامة مایندفولنس ورزشی، پرسشنامة هوش هیجانی شاته و پرسشنامة 48 سؤالی سرسختی ذهنی بود. پس از
و شاپیرو ویلک، نتایج آزمون تی دو گروه مستقل K-S بررسی نرمال بودن توزیع داده ها در دو گروه با استفاده از آزمون
نشان داد که تفاوت مایندفولنس بین کاراته کاهای موفق و ناموفق از لحاظ آماری معنادار نبود، اما تفاوت هوش هیجانی و
سرسختی ذهنی بین دو گروه معنادار بود. در مجموع می توان گفت که بخش چشمگیری از یافته ها بر نقش ویژگ یهای
روان شناختی در عملکرد و موفقیت ورزشی بین دو گروه کاراته کای نخبه که در بالاترین سطح از کاراتة جهان و آسیا
قرار دارند، تأکید می کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mindfulness, Emotional Intelligence and Mental Toughness in Successful and Unsuccessful Karate Athletes in Iran Men’s Karate Super League

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sadegh Ranjbar 1
  • Hassan Gharayagh Zandi 2
  • Sayyed Mohsen Fatemi 3
1 MSc in sport psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of sport psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Post doctorate in Psychology, Associate/ Fellow Harvard University, Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Cambridge, USA.
چکیده [English]

According to numerous studies in sport psychology, it is proved that optimal athletic performance relates to many psychological factors and personality and psychological characteristics influence athletic development. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare mindfulness, emotional intelligence and mental toughness in successful and unsuccessful karate athletes in Iran men’s karate super league. This research was casual-comparative and the population consisted of Iran men’s karate super league in Kumite section in 2015. Primary data were collected by convenience sampling method from 70 athletes of all participating teams- especially two high ranking teams and three low ranking teams- in karate super league. After the data of the number of competitions and their results for each athlete were collected, the optimal performance of karate athletes was calculated and two successful and unsuccessful karate athletes groups were determined (each group 30 subjects). The form of content, the demographic questionnaire, Sport Mindfulness Scale, Schutte Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and Mental Toughness Questionnaire (48 items) were used. The normal distribution of data in both groups were examined using the K-S and Shapiro-Wilk tests. The results of independent t test showed that the difference in mindfulness was not statistically significant between successful and unsuccessful karate athletes, but the emotional intelligence and mental toughness between successful and unsuccessful athletes were significantly different. Overall, it can be stated that a major part of these findings emphasize the role of the psychological characteristics in the sport performance and success of the two groups of elite karate athletes who have the highest rank in Asia and world karate.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional intelligence
  • karate
  • Mental Toughness
  • Mindfulness
  • super league
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