تاثیر تمرینات ورزشی اجباری و اختیاری، به عنوان یک فاکتور غیر فارماکولوژیک بر رفتارهای تغییریافته براثر استرس جدایی از مادر در موش نژاد ویستار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر تأثیرات مثبت تمرینات ورزشی اجباری و اختیاری به عنوان یک فاکتور غیرفارماکولوژیک بر روی
رفتارهای تغییریافته بر اثر استرس جدایی از مادر بررسی شد. در پژوهش حاضر 48 سر بچه موش نر انتخاب و از روز 2
تا 14 به مدت 180 دقیقه از مادرشان جدا شدند. سپس در روز 21 این موش ها به صورت تصادفی به چهار گروه قسمت
شدند. گروه ها شامل با استرس جدا شدن از مادر، کنترل، تردمیل، رانینگ ویل بود. گروه اول از روز 2 تا 14 جدایی از
مادر را تجربه کردند و گروه شاهد از همان ابتدا ب ههمراه مادر نگهداری شدند. گروه های تمرینی نیز، از روز 21 تولد،
شروع به تمرین کردند. سپس بر روی گروه ها تست های رفتاری اضطراب و افسردگی جوندگان از جمله ای پی ام،
،P< 0/ اسپلش، اف اس تی و اپن فیلد انجام گرفت. داده های به دست آمده با روش های تی و آنوا در سطح معناداری 05
آنالیز آماری شدند. با استفاده از تست های رفتاری مشخص شد که استرس جدایی از مادر موجب بروز رفتارهای
افسردگی شد. از طرفی ورزش اختیاری در مقایسه با گروه استرس موجب بروز تأثیرات ضدافسردگی شده است،
درحالی که تغییر معناداری بین اثر ورزش اجباری و گروه استرس دیده نشد. نتایج نشان داد که تمرینات ورزشی
به خصوص ورزش اختیاری در دوران نوجوانی استرس، رفتارهای افسردگی و اضطراب در بزرگسالی را کاهش می دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Forced and Voluntary Exercises as a Non-Pharmacologic Factor on Modified Behaviors Due to Stress of Separation from Mother in Wistar Rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • atena yazdanshenas 1
  • maghsoud peeri 2
  • mohammad ali azarbayejani 2
1 Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology,Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to examine the positive effects of forced and
voluntary exercises as a non-pharmacological factor on modified behaviors
due to stress of separation from mother. In the present study, 48 male baby
rats were selected and separated from their mothers from day 2 to 14 for 180
minutes. On the 21st day, these rats were randomly divided into 4 groups.
The groups included maternal stress, control, treadmill, running wheel (RW).
The first group experienced stress of separation from their mothers from day
2 to 14 and the control group was kept from the beginning with their
mothers. The exercise groups also began to exercise since their 21st birth
day. Then, the groups conducted behavioral anxiety and rodent depression
tests including EPM, Splash, FST, and Open Field. The obtained data were
statistically analyzed by t and ANOVA methods at a significance level
(P<0.05). Behavioral tests showed that the stress of separation from the
mother caused depression behaviors. On the other hand, voluntary exercise
caused antidepressant effects compared with the stress group while no
significant changes were observed between the effect of forced exercise and
the stress group. The results showed that exercise, especially voluntary
exercise, reduces stress during adolescence, and reduces depression and
anxiety behaviors in adulthood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • anxiety
  • Depression
  • forced exercise
  • voluntary exercise

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