تاثیر تمرین های دید ورزشی بر ادراک بینایی کودکان کم توان ذهنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد رشته رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خوراسگان اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار رشته روانشناسی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

3 مربی، کارشناس ارشد کاردرمانی، عضو هیات علمی گروه کاردرمانی، دانشکده توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

کودکان با کم توانی ذهنی مشکلات عدیده ای در زندگی روزمره و مسائل آموزشی تجربه می کنند که یکی از این مشکلات تاثیرگذار در زمینه ادراک بینایی می باشد بنابراین هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرینات دید ورزشی بر ادراک بینایی کودکان کم توان ذهنی شهر اصفهان می باشد. از بین دانش آموز کم توان ذهنی آموزش پذیر 7 تا 11 سال 30 کودک بعنوان نمونه انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری قرار گرفتند که شامل دو گروه کنترل و تجربی بودند جهت انتخاب نمونه ها قبل از شروع تمرین از کودکان کم توان ذهنی تست هوش وکسلر گرفته شد و کودکان آموزش پذیر وارد مطالعه شدند همچنین قبل از شروع تمرین، پیش آزمون ادراک بینایی TVPS-II از نمونه ها بعمل آمد و بعد از آن گروه تجربی تمرین خود را که شامل 8 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه و هر جلسه 45 دقیقه بود انجام دادند. در آخرین مرحله، پس آزمون ادراک بینایی TVPS-II گرفته شد. براساس نتایج تحلیل مانکووا (با کنترل نمره های پیش آزمون) تمرین دید ورزشی در مرحله پس آزمون بر میانگین تمامی مولفه های ادراک بینایی به جز مولفه آزمون ثبات شکل اثر داشت (05/0>P). همچنین نتایج نشان داد، تمرین های دید ورزشی می تواند باعث بهبود ادراک بینایی کودکان کم توان ذهنی شود بنابراین پیشنهاد می شود جهت درمان و توانبخشی اختصاصی این کودکان از تمرین های دید ورزشی نیز در فرایند بهبودی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Sport Vision Training on Visual Perception in Children with Intellectual Disability

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahboobeh emami 1
  • Alireza bahramy 2
  • vali shiri 3
1 MSc student, khorasgan azad islamic university
2 Sport psychology, Arak university, Arak, Iran
3 M.Sc, OTR. Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IRAN
چکیده [English]

Children with intellectual disability experience many problems in their
everyday lives and educational issues. One of these important issues exists in
visual perception. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the
effect of sport vision training on visual perception of children with
intellectual disability in Isfahan city. 30 children were selected from
educable students with intellectual disability (7-11 years old) as the sample
and were randomly assigned to two groups (each group 15 subjects):
experimental and control. Before the training, children with intellectual
disability underwent Wechsler IQ test and educable children entered the
study. Also, before the training, the TVPS - II visual perception pretest was
administered. Then, experimental group had their training for 8 weeks, 3
sessions per week and 45 minutes each session. In the final stage, TVPS - II
visual perception pretest was conducted. Based on the results of the
MANCOVA analysis (with the control of pretest scores) sport vision
training had an effect on the mean of all visual perception components
except for form constancy test in the posttest (P<0.05). The results of this
study showed that sport vision training can improve the visual perception of
children with intellectual disability. Therefore, it is suggested that sport
vision training is also used to treat and rehabilitate these children in the
treatment process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Children
  • educable
  • intellectual disability
  • sport vision training
  • visual perception
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