تأثیر تمرین مهارت های روان شناختی بر عملکرد، یادداری و انتقال تحت فشار بازیکنان نوآموز بدمینتون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموختۀ دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی و فرهنگی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی تأثیر تمرینات پی.اس.تی بر عملکرد، یادداری و انتقال تحت فشار بازیکنان نوآموز بدمینتون بود.40 نوآموز بدمینتون به روش جایگزینی تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و کنترل مداخله‌نما (20 نفر) قرار گرفتند. در آزمون‌های اکتساب و یادداری از آزمون‌های استاندارد سرویس کوتاه و بلند، تاس کلیر و دراپ و در آزمون انتقال تحت فشار، از روش تجزیه‌وتحلیل یادداشت‌برداری استفاده شد. تمامی شرکت‌کنندگان مهارت‌های اختصاصی بدمینتون را در مدت زمان 24 جلسه در طول سه ماه فراگرفتند. گروه آزمایش علاوه‌بر مهارت‌های اختصاصی بدمینتون، 24 جلسة 20 دقیقه‌ای بستة اختصاصی پی.‌اس.‌تی و گروه کنترل مداخله‌نما نیز همین تعداد جلسات آموزش‌هایی در مورد اطلاعات عمومی در بدمینتون دریافت کردند. نتایج تحلیل واریانس مرکب نشان داد که در تمامی آزمون‌ها نمره‌های گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل مداخله‌نما به‌طور معناداری بالاتر بود که بیانگر اثربخشی برنامة پی.‌اس.‌تی بر عملکرد و یادگیری نوآموزان مرد بدمینتون بود. نتایج مطالعۀ حاضر، دامنۀ اثربخشی این تمرینات را به یادگیری مهارت‌های جدید حرکتی نیز تعمیم داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Psychological Skills Training on Performance, Retention and Transfer under Pressure of Novice Badminton Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • ebrahim moteshareie 1
  • Behrouz Abdoli 2
  • Seyed Mohammad Kazem Vaez Mousavi 3
  • Alireza Farsi 2
1 PhD in Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Physical Education Department, Faculty of Social and Cultural Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PST on performance, retention, and transfer under pressure of novice badminton players. 40 novice badminton players were randomly assigned to experimental (20 participants) and placebo-control (20 participants) groups. In acquisition and retention tests, short and long service, toss clear and drop shots were used; in transfer under pressure test, notational analysis was applied. All participants acquired specific badminton skills in 24 sessions over three months. In addition to specific badminton skills, the experimental group received the specific package of PST during 24 sessions (each session 20 min.) while placebo-control group received the same number of sessions about general information on badminton. The results of mixed ANOVA indicated that in all tests, the scores of experimental group were significantly higher than those of the placebo-control group, which indicated the effectiveness of PST on performance and learning of novice male badminton players. The results of this study extended the effectiveness of PST to learning new motor skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • badminton
  • novice
  • PST
  • skill level
  • transfer under pressure
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