تأثیر تمرینات بازی‌محور بر رشد حرکتی کودکان دارای اضافه وزن با اختلال هماهنگی رشدی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشد حرکتی، دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)، تهران ، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

چکیده:
هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرینات بازی محور بر رشد حرکتی کودکان دارای اضافه وزن با اختلال هماهنگی رشدی بود. روش پژوهش حاضر نیمه‌تجربی و از نوع پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون است. 50 کودک 10-8 سال، دارای اضافه وزن و با اختلال هماهنگی رشدی انتخاب شدند و پس از انجام پیش‌آزمون به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (n=30) و گروه کنترل (n=20) قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش هر هفته 3 جلسه و به مدت 3 ماه در پروتکل تعیین‌شده شرکت کردند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری آزمون MABC-2 بود و برای تحلیل داده‌‌ها از نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخۀ 21  استفاده شد. نتایج آزمون MANCOVA نشان داد که بین گروه تجربی و کنترل حداقل در یکی از متغیرهای تحقیق تفاوت وجود دارد. براساس نتایج  تحلیل کوواریانس یکطرفه با سطح معناداری 05/0 مشخص شد که بین گروه کنترل و گروه تحت مداخله در مؤلفه‌های رشد حرکتی و خرده‌مقیاس‌های آن (چالاکی دست، هدف‌گیری و تعادل) تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد و گروه آزمایش نمره‌های بهتری کسب کردند. بنابراین توصیه می­شود با طراحی تمرینات مختلف و مداخلۀ زودهنگام از پیشرفت این اختلال در افراد دارای اضافه وزن جلوگیری کنیم و ثأثیر مثبتی بر رشد حرکتی این افراد داشته باشیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Game-Oriented Exercises on Motor Development of Overweight Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam shoja 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Kazem Vaez Mousavi 2
  • abdollah ghasemi 3
1 PhD Student of Motor Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, University of Imam Hossein, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of game-oriented exercises on motor development of overweight children with developmental coordination disorder. The research method was semi-experimental with pretest and posttest. 50 overweight children aged between 8 and 10 with developmental coordination disorder were selected and were randomly assigned to experimental (n=35) and control (n=15) groups after pretest. The experimental group participated in the protocol for 3 sessions per week during 3 months. MABC-2 test was used and SPSS 21 software was used for data analysis. The results of MANCOVA showed a difference between the experimental and control groups in at least one of the variables. Based on the results of one-way covariance analysis with a significance level of 0.05, there was a significant difference between the control and the intervention groups in motor development components and its subscales (hand speed, targeting and balance) and the experimental group got better scores. Therefore, it is recommended that the development of this disorder should be prevented in overweight individuals by designing different exercises and early intervention, and have a positive effect on their motor development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • balance
  • Developmental Coordination Disorder
  • hand speed
  • overweight
  • targeting
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