اثر بازی های حرکتی منتخب بر تعادل ایستا و پویا در کودکان با اختلال یادگیری خاص

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی،دانشگاه فردوسی،مشهد،ایران

2 استاد گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استاد، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

تعادل از اصول پایه‌ای مهم در یادگیری کودکان است، و اختلال در آن می‌تواند بر یادگیری اثر منفی بگذارد. هدف از این پژوهش، بررسی تأثیر بازی‌های حرکتی منتخب بر تعادل کودکان با اختلال یادگیری خاص بود. پژوهش حاضر، از نوع نیمه‌تجربی و از حیث هدف، کاربردی، با طرح پیش‌آزمون پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. در این مطالعه، 24 کودک پسر 9ـ7 ساله مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص شهر مشهد انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل جایدهی شدند. گروه تجربی، به مدت 20 جلسه، هر جلسه 30 دقیقه و با تکرار پنج روز در هفته بازی‌های حرکتی منتخب را انجام دادند. گروه کنترل نیز در طی این دوره به فعالیت‌های عادی روزمره خود پرداختند. تغییرات در تعادل ایستا آزمودنی‌ها، قبل و بعد از دوره تمرین، به‌وسیله آزمون لک‌لک و آزمون شارپند رومبرگ و در تعادل پویا به‌وسیله آزمون راه رفتن پاشنه به پنجه و آزمون زمان‌دار برخاستن و راه رفتن سنجیده شد. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل آماری از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌های تکراری استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که بازی‌های حرکتی منتخب موجب بهبود تعادل ایستا و پویا در گروه تجربی می‌شود. تمامی این تغییرات در مقایسه با گروه کنترل معنادار بود (05/0P<). براساس نتایج پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که بازی‌های حرکتی منتخب به بهبود تعادل ایستا و پویا در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص کمک می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Selected Motor Games on Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Specific Learning Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hanieh Ghasemian Moghadam 1
  • Mahdi Sohrabi 2
  • Hamidreza Taheri 3
1 Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Balance is one of the basic important principles of learning in children, and its disorder can negatively affect learning.The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selected motor games on balance in children with specific learning disorder. This study was semi-experimental and application in terms of aims with pretest-posttest and a control group. 24 boys (7-9 years old) with specific learning disorder in Mashhad city were selected and assigned randomly to experimental and control groups. The experimental group performed selected motor games for 20 sessions, 30 minutes each sessions, 5 sessions per week. During this period, the control group performed its routine activities. Changes in the static balance of the subjects were measured by the Stork balance test and Sharpened Romberg test and dynamic balance of the subjects were measured by the heel-to-toe walk test and timed up-and-go test before and after the intervention. For statistical analysis, analysis of variance with repeated measures was used. Findings showed that selected motor games improved the static and dynamic balance of the experimental group. All these changes were significant in comparison with the control group (P<0.05). Based on these findings, it can be concluded that selected motor games help to improve static and dynamic balance in children with specific learning disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dynamic balance
  • selected motor games
  • specific learning disorder
  • static balance
  • targeted motor games
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