Effectiveness of Psychological skills training on Quantitative and qualitative performance of swimmers

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc of Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Karaj, Karaj, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Sport Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Karaj, Karaj, Iran

3 Assistant professor at Azad Karaj University, physical education department. Azad Karaj University, Alborz, Iran


Psychological skill is one of the most important factors that influence athlete’s performance so the aim of this study was to examine effectiveness of Psychological skills training on Quantitative and qualitative performance of adolescence. The statistical population included adolescence swimmers of karaj swimming clubs in karaj city. 30 adolescence swimmers were selected among karaj swimming clubs using available sampling method, and were randomly assigned into the experimental and control groups. A semi experimental with pre-test and post-test assessments was used. Beside physical training, experimental group received 22 sessions Psychological skills through 3 sessions weekly that every sessions took one hour but control group didn’t received any intervention, all the participants assessed by Stopwatch and Checklist for 50-m front crawl techniques (free-running) in two steps of pre-test and post-test. Data were analyzed by combinatory variance analysis model. Findings revealed that the Psychological skills training significantly improved Quantitative performance in the experimental group (P


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