تأثیر رنگ پس‌زمینه و جنسیت بر زمان‌بندی پیش‌بینی انطباقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس‌ارشد گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران

چکیده

توانایی تشخیص مسیر اشیای در حال حرکت و سازماندهی پاسخ حرکتی به‌گونه‌ای که هدف با جسم متحرک در یک نقطه به‌طور همزمان به هم برسند، زمان‌بندی پیش‌بینی انطباقی نامیده می‌شود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر عامل رنگ و جنسیت بر تکلیف زمان‌بندی پیش‌بینی انطباقی است. به این منظور 60 آزمودنی در دامنۀ سنی 8 تا 10 سال با نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده در دو گروه ( 30 دختر و 30 پسر) شرکت کردند و خطای زمانی آزمودنی‌ها به‌وسیلۀ دستگاه زمانبندی‌پیش‌بینی‌انطباقی ثبت شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های آماری تی مستقل و تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه و آزمون تعقیبی توکی در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0 استفاده شد. براساس نتایج پژوهش تفاوت معناداری بین دختران و پسران در تکلیف زمان‌بندی پیش‌بینی انطباقی وجود نداشت (289/0P=) و کمترین خطای زمانی مربوط به پس‌زمینه آبی‌رنگ بود. همچنین بین خطای زمانی با پس‌زمینۀ آبی، با دیگر رنگ‌ها تفاوت معناداری مشاهده شد (001/0P= و 22/17= (59و2)F). به‌طور کلی نتایج نشان داد که جنسیت بر عملکرد زمان‌بندی پیش‌بینی انطباقی تأثیری ندارد و رنگ پس‌زمینۀ آبی می‌تواند در تسهیل عملکرد و کاهش خطای زمانی در پیش‌بینی فضایی و زمانی محرک‌ها اثرگذار باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of color and gender on oincidence anticipation timing

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoud zahiry 1
  • Mehdi Shahbazi 2
  • Yadollah Binandeh 3
1 student
2 Associate Professor of Tehran University
3 Masters student Motor behavior, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of colors and gender on the Coincidence anticipation timing task. Therefore 60 participants aged 8 to 10 years randomly into two groups (30 males and 30 females) participated and timing error was recorded by a coincidence-anticipation apparatus. For data analysis independent t-test,ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests were used at the significant level of 0/05. Findings suggested no significant difference between boys and girls in coincidence anticipation timing task (p=0/289) and the lowest timing error in a blue background and also significant difference timing errors were observed between the blue background, with other color (P=0/001 and F(2,59)=22/17). The results of this study indicate that gender does not affect on the Coincidence anticipation timing task and the performance in background color blue can reduce timing errors in predicting the spatial and temporal stimuli. In genral the results of this study indicated that gender didn,t affect the Coincidence anticipation timing task and the blue background color would facilitate the performance and effectiveon reduce errors timing in stimuli predicting spatially and temporally.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of colors and gender on the Coincidence anticipation timing task. Therefore 60 participants aged 8 to 10 years randomly into two groups (30 males and 30 females) participated and timing error was recorded by a coincidence-anticipation apparatus.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coincidence Anticipation
  • gender
  • motor behavior
  • Color
  • Timing
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