چرا کودکان و نوجوانان در فعالیت بدنی و ورزشی شرکت می‌کنند؟ بررسی دیدگاه ورزشکاران جوان، والدین و مربیان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 . دانشیار، رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار، علوم اجتماعی، دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این مطالعه بررسی نگرش کودکان و نوجوانان، والدین و مربیان در خصوص ورزش و فعالیت بدنی بود. این مطالعه به روش کیفی با رویکرد تحلیل محتوا انجام گرفت. به این منظور داده‌ها با استفاده از مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختارمند با 12 ورزشکار کودک و نوجوان، هشت والد و پنج مربی در شهر اصفهان جمع‌آوری شد. همۀ مصاحبه‌ها ضبط و سپس به‌صورت متن پیاده‌سازی و با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی تجزیه‌وتحلیل شدند. یافته‌های پژوهش در دو طبقۀ انگیزش درونی و بیرونی قرار داده شدند. عوامل انگیزشی درونی شامل انگیزه‌های روانی و انگیزۀ نیاز به پیشرفت و عوامل انگیزشی بیرونی شامل انگیزه‌های فراغتی، بهزیستی و سلامتی، دریافت حمایت از سوی خانواده، مربی و محیط، انگیزه‌های بیرونی، انگیزه‌های اجتماعی، اثر رسانه و الگو، بهبود مهارت‌های زندگی، مشغول بودن و منحرف نشدن بود. با توجه به نتایج می‌توان گفت ورزشکاران نوجوان با اهداف مختلفی به ورزش روی می‌آورند که مهم‌ترین آنها انگیزه‌های روانی است. برای ترغیب بیشتر کودکان و نوجوانان به سمت ورزش به والدین و مربیان توصیه می‌شود این انگیزه‌ها را تقویت کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Why do children and adolescents participate in physical activity and sports? Exploring perspective of athletes, parents, and coaches

نویسندگان [English]

  • ghasem babaei zarch 1
  • Hamid Salehi 2
  • Reza Hemmati 3
1 .M.A. in Sport Psychology. Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Motor Behavir, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Social Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose this research is investigating the attitude of children, adolescents, parents and trainers towards sport and physical activity. This research was conducted in qualitative method and using semi structured interview with 25 interviewees including 12 children, 8 and 5 coaches were parent. Press Briefing was all recorded and transcribed to text implementation. Finally the data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis method. Research findings are categorized into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation includes psychological and need of achievement motivations and extrinsic motivation includes opportunities, well-being and health motivations, getting support from family, trainers and environment, external motivations, community motivations, improving life skills life, implication of role models and media, and focusing on work without getting distracted. Based on results of this research, it can be said that young athletes tend to do sport for different goals in mind the most important of which is psychological motivations. Parents and trainers for encouraging them toward sport and to achieve their own goals should be used this kind of motivations.The purpose this research is investigating the attitude of children, adolescents, parents and trainers towards sport and physical activity. This research was conducted in qualitative method and using semi structured interview with 25 interviewees including 12 children, 8 and 5 coaches were parent. Press Briefing was all recorded and transcribed to text implementation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Qualitative research
  • sport psychology
  • Self-determination theory
  • Physical Activity
  • Youth sport
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