ارتباط بین چشم ساکن و عملکرد: مدت و مکان خیرگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه ، ایران

2 . استاد رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

چشم ساکن به‌عنوان خیرگی ویژة بینایی به مکانی از فضای حرکتی، شاخصی از کنترل حرکت درنظر گرفته می‌شود. هدف از تحقیق حاضر تعیین ارتباط مدت چشم ساکن و مکان تثبیت خیرگی با عملکرد بود. نمونة تحقیق 60 پسر راست‌دست بودند. از چارت بینایی اسنلن برای سنجش بینایی استفاده شد. تکلیف هدف‌گیری، ضربة پات گلف بود و اطلاعات بینایی از طریق عینک ردیابی حرکات چشم و اطلاعات حرکتی از طریق دوربین فیلم‌برداری ثبت شد. نتایج حاصل از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون ارتباط بین چشم ساکن و عملکرد را نشان داد. همچنین ارتباط بین مکان تثبیت خیرگی با چشم ساکن و عملکرد به‌وسیلة آزمون ضریب همبستگی اتا مشخص شد. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس نیز تفاوت معناداری را بین مکان‌های تثبیت بینایی در متغیرهای چشم ساکن و عملکرد نشان داد. به‌عبارتی طول مدت و مکان تثبیت بر عملکرد حرکتی مؤثر است. مؤلفه‌های بینایی می‌توانند در کنترل حرکتی نقش مؤثری داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Quiet Eye And Performance: Study of Duration And Location of Gaze

نویسندگان [English]

  • jalal Dehghanizade 1
  • Hasan Mohammadzade 2
1 .Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Faculty of sport sciences. Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 . Professor, Faculty of sport sciences. Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

Relationship between Quiet Eye duration And Performance: Study of Duration And Location of Gaze
Quiet eye is considered as a special gaze to a location of Motor space that is an indicator of motor control. The Aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quiet eye durations and location of gaze fixation with performance. The research sample included 60 right-handed boys (19-22 yr). The Snellen chart was used to assess vision. Task was a golf putting and the visual information was recorded through eye track glasses and motor information via a Video camera (SONY). The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient test showed the relationship between quiet eye and performance. Also, the correlation between the location of gaze fixation with quiet eye and performance was determined by Eta correlation coefficient. The results of ANOVA test showed that there was a significant difference between location of gaze fixation in quiet eye and performance variables. In other words, the duration and location of the fixation affect the motor performance. The components of vision can have an effective role in motor control. The quiet eye is a perceptual skill associated with expertise and superior performance. The benefit of the phenomenon has been demonstrated in a range of sporting tasks. The mechanism(s) underpinning this phenomenon are much-debated and are associated with varying assumptions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gaze Control
  • Gaze Location
  • Motor Performance
  • Quiet Eye
  • motor control

 

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