اثربخشی تمرینات نوروفیدبک در ارتقای مهارت‌های مجرد ورزشکاران: یک مطالعۀ مروری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 . استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایرانIran

3 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

روش‌های بسیاری با هدف ارتقای عملکرد ورزشی پدید آمده است که امروزه مورد استفادۀ ورزشکاران رشته‌های مختلف قرار می‌گیرد. در میان این تکنیک‌ها نوروفیدبک، به‌عنوان رویکرد مغزی غیرتهاجمی، توجه بسیاری را به خود جلب کرده است. مقالة حاضر با هدف گزارش نتایج پژوهش‌های انجام‌گرفته در زمینة مهارت‌های مجرد ورزشکاران به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، صورت پذیرفت. با هدف جمع‌آوری داده، ابتدا مقالات لاتین با استفاده از کلیدواژه‌های Neurofeedback، EEG Biofeedback، Sport performance، Athletic performance، Shooting performance، Archery، putting performance و Golf مورد جست‌وجو قرار گرفت. از پایگاه‌های PsycINFO، PubMed، Web of science، EBSCO  و Google Scholar استفاده شد. بازۀ زمانی جست‌وجو از سال 1990 تا 2018 تعیین شد. مقالات فارسی با کلیدواژه‌های «نوروفیدبک»، «عملکرد ورزشی»، «تیراندازی»، «پرتاب»، «نشانه‌گیری» یا «گلف» در پایگاه‌های جهاد دانشگاهی (SID)، مجلات تخصصی نور (Noormags)، بانک اطلاعات نشریات کشور (Magiran) و پایگاه اطلاعات علمی ایران (Irandoc) جست‌وجو شدند. بازۀ زمانی انتشار مقالات از 1380 تا 1398 تعیین شد. تعداد 16 مقاله با ملاک‌های استاندارد و تعیین‌شده همخوانی داشتند و انتخاب شدند. سپس با استفاده از یک چک‌لیست مشخص، اطلاعات مربوط به مقالات توسط هر پژوهشگر مستقل استخراج و در یافته‌ها گزارش شد. نتایج نشان داد که پروتکل‌های نورورفیدبکی به‌کارگرفته‌شده در هر پژوهش می‌تواند نتیجة مداخله را تحت تأثیر قرار دهد و لازم است تا در استفاده از این روش در ورزشکاران به آن توجه داشت. براساس یافته‌های پژوهش تمرینات نوروفیدبک در ورزشکاران اثربخشی مثبت در ارتقای عملکرد ورزشی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback Training on Enhancing Discrete Skills of Athletes: A Review Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • jamil mansouri 1
  • reza rostami 2
  • ahmad shahvaroughi 1
  • sadegh ranjbar 3
1 . MSc in Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Ph.D Student in Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Many techniques have been invented to enhance sport performance which nowadays are used by athletes in different sport fields. Among these techniques, neurofeedback as a noninvasive brain method has received much attention. The present study was conducted to report research results of athletes’ discrete skills by convenience sampling method. English articles were searched by keywords like “neurofeedback”, “EEG neurofedback”, “sport performance”, “athletic performance”, “shooting performance”, “archery”, “putting performance” and “golf” to collect data. The articles were collected from PsycINFO, PubMed, web of science, EBSCO and Google Scholar databases from 1990 to 2018. Persian articles were searched with same keywords in SID, Noormags, Magiran and Irandoc databases from 2001 to 2020. 16 articles had the inclusion criteria of the research and were selected. Then, the information of each article was extracted and reported in findings by an author using a specific checklist. Results showed that different recruited neurofeedback protocols in any study could affect the results of interventions and it is necessary to pay attention to this method in athletes. Based on these findings, neurofeedback training has positive effectiveness on enhancing sport performance in athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • attention
  • discrete skills
  • focus
  • neurofeedback training
  • sport performance
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