اثر آموزش تیراندازی با تفنگ بادی بر پرخاشگری دختران نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 .کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد کرج، البرز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان‌شناسی ورزش، دانشگاه آزاد واحد کرج، البرز، ایران

10.22059/jmlm.2020.298695.1491

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر آموزش ورزش تیراندازی با تفنگ بادی بر پرخاشگری دختران نوجوان بود. برای انجام پژوهش از طرح نیمه‌تجربی با گروه کنترل و پیش‌آزمون – پس‌آزمون استفاده شد. بدین‌منظور تعداد 30 دانش‌آموز دختر پرخاشگر (1/1±16 سال) به‌صورت نمونة در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. در این مطالعه از پرسشنامة پرخاشگری باس و پری (1992) به‌عنوان ابزار سنجش پرخاشگری استفاده شد. گروه آزمایش به مدت 12 جلسه (هر جلسه 60 دقیقه) تحت نظر مربی آموزش تیراندازی دیدند. در پایان جلسات از هر دو گروه پس‌آزمون به‌عمل آمد. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس مرکب دوعاملی نشان داد آموزش تیراندازی به کاهش معنادار پرخاشگری، پرخاشگری کلامی، خصومت و خشم دختران نوجوان منجر شد؛ اما آموزش تیراندازی بر پرخاشگری بدنی دختران نوجوان اثر معناداری نداشت. به‌نظر می‌رسد جو و ویژگی‌های ورزش تیراندازی با تفنگ می‌تواند نقش مهمی در ایجاد احساس آرامش و کاهش پرخاشگری داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Shooting Training with Air Gun on Aggression among Adolescent Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kimiya Mostafavi 1
  • Mahiodin Bahari 2
  • Afsaneh Sanatkaran 2
1 . MSc of Sport Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Alborz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Alborz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of shooting training with air gun on aggression in adolescent girls. This study was semi-experimental including pretest, posttest with a control group. 30 female aggressive students (age: 16±1.1 years) were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Buss and Perry (1992) aggression questionnaire was used to evaluate aggression. The experimental group participated in shooting training for 12 sessions (each session 60 minutes) under a coach's supervision. After the last training session, the two groups participated in the posttest. The results of the two-way multivariate analysis of variance showed that shooting training significantly reduced aggression, verbal aggression, hostility and anger but shooting training had no significant effect on physical aggression. It seems that shooting training has an atmosphere and characteristics that can play an important role in producing calmness and reducing aggression.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescent
  • Aggression
  • anger
  • Hostility
  • Shooting
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