تأثیر خودگفتاری انگیزشی بر عملکرد هماهنگی دودستی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 . دانشیار گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، ایران ، تهران

3 دکتری یادگیری حرکتی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

خودگفتاری، از عوامل روان‌شناختی مؤثر بر بهبود و موفقیت اجرای حرکتی فرد است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر خودگفتاری انگیزشی بر هماهنگی دودستی دانشجویان بود. به این منظور 24 دانشجوی رشتۀ تربیت بدنی (12 دختر و 12 پسر با میانگین سنی 62/22 سال و انحراف استاندارد 081/2) به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‌ها پس از اجرای پیش‌آزمون با دستگاه هماهنگی دودستی به‌صورت انتخابی به دو گروه همگن خودگفتاری انگیزشی و گروه بدون خودگفتاری تقسیم شدند. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها، از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی شامل آزمون تی مستقل و تی وابسته در سطح معناداری 05/0 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد خودگفتاری موجب بهبود معنادار عملکرد هماهنگی می‌شود (05/0>P). همچنین گروه دختران در هماهنگی دودستی، به‌طور معناداری دقت بهتری داشتند (05/0>P). گروه پسران در هماهنگی دودستی، به‌طور معناداری سرعت بهتری داشتند (05/0>P). اما در پس‌آزمون در گروه خودگفتاری بین دختران و پسران تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (05/0p <). با توجه به یافته‌های تحقیق حاضر پیشنهاد می‌شود که از خودگفتاری انگیزشی برای بهبود و ارتقای عملکرد هماهنگی دودستی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Motivational Self-Talk on Bimanual Coordination Performance of University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Bagher Aali 1
  • Mehdi Shahbazi 2
  • – Mohammad Sohbatiha 3
1 MSc of Motor Control and Learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 . Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD of Motor Learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Self-talk is one of the psychological factors influencing the improvement and success of motor performance. The present research aimed to investigate the effect of motivational self-talk on bimanual coordination of university students. 24 students of physical education (12 females and 12 males, mean age = 22.62 and SD = 2.081) were selected by convenience sampling method. After the pretest, subjects were divided into two homogeneous groups of motivational self-talk and no self-talk using bimanual coordination tester. For data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics including independent t test and paired t test were used at 0.05 significance level. Results showed that self-talk improved the coordination performance significantly (p < 0.05). Also, the female group had a significantly better precision in bimanual coordination (p < 0.05) and the male group had a significantly better speed in bimanual coordination (p < 0.05). But, there was a significant difference between boys and girls in self-talk group in the posttest (p < 0.05). According to these findings, it is suggested that motivational self-talk should be used to improve and promote bimanual coordination performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bimanual Coordination
  • gender
  • motivational self-talk
  • precision
  • speed
  • university student
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